【动态】久拖不立渐成常态,社会组织环境公益诉讼的立案问题亟待解决

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作者:王晓琼


中文摘要:新环保法中规定社会组织可提起环境公益诉讼,但相比起已与法院有既定有效联系衔接机制的检察机关来说,社会组织提起环境公益诉讼面临着立案方面的诸多问题。原因有三点:一是司法机关处理环境公益诉讼的动力不够;二是司法环境上下不平衡;三是对社会组织的信任机制欠缺。五项改进建议分别是:一是严格落实《最高人民法院关于审理环境公益诉讼案件的工作规范(试行)》,普遍实行推行立案登记制;二是开展专项整治,将公益诉讼立案列入绩效考核;三是加强院级主要负责人的交流培训;四是鼓励开展对话沟通,建立社会组织的信任机制;五是贯彻《民法典》绿色原则,鼓励公益诉讼进一步开拓创新。


关键词:环境公益诉讼;社会组织;立案登记;信任机制


Case Filling Challenges Ffaced by NGOs on Environmental Public Interest Litigations

Author: Wang Xiaoqiong

Abstract:

According to the revised Environmental Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China, NGOs can file environmental public interest litigations (EPIL). But comparing with procuratoratese of at all levels, which are governing bodies working in tandem with courts, NGO’s filling still faces many challenges. The reasons are threefold. First, courts of all levels lack impetus to deal with environmental public interest litigations. Second, different levels of courts have different understanding of the importance of environmental protection. Third, lacking of trust for NGOs from the courts.NGOs have inadequate credits for courts. Five suggestions are proposed in this article. First, thoroughly implementing the Supreme People’s Court Working Regulation in the Conduct of Environmental Civil Public Interest Litigations to docketing every case. Second, setting key performance indicators on EPIL. Third, training judges with EPIL knowledge. Fourth, encouraging e communication and building trust on NGOs. Fifth, followfollowing the guide of Civil Code of the People’s Republic of China to encourage the green development of EPIRIL.


Key words: environmental public interest litigations (EPIL), NGOs, case docketing, NGO build trust-building