Vol.1 April. 2024 Total Issues 59

Publication date: April 29, 2024

Currently, agricultural systems have successfully supplied large amounts of food to global markets, but have had negative impacts in other areas, including widespread degradation of land, water resources, and ecosystems; huge amount of greenhouse gas emissions; and loss of biodiversity. The emergence of these problems is inevitably related to “industrial agriculture”, such as high-input single-crop cultivation; reliance on the use of agrochemical such as fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and antibiotics.

The proposal of agroecology provides new ideas for sustainable agricultural development. Agroecology is a holistic and integrated approach that simultaneously applies ecological and social concepts and principles to the design and management of sustainable agriculture and food systems, seeking to optimize the interactions between plants, animals, humans and the environment while also addressing the need for socially equitable food systems and provide solutions for multiple Sustainable Development Goals (FAO). By promoting the agroecology model, we can reduce the use of agrochemical, to conserve soil, water resources and biodiversity, and help improve and protect the ecological environment.

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